Though no acne cure has been found, a good number of medical
and prescription treatments do exist, from antibiotics that
kill bacteria to effective acne scar removal techniques.
Ancient form of Chinese medicine using fingertip pressure
on the meridian points of the body to channel energy.
Oriental technique of inserting needles into specific pressure
points to stimulate healing and balance.
Exercise regimen which elevates the heart rate; increases
blood circulation, strengthening heart and lungs, and encouraging
weight loss through the burning of fat.
Multi shower of varying temperatures and pressure, which are
often infused with aromatics.
Method of re-educating the mind and body to improve movement.
The focus is on applying the appropriate amount of energy
for each activity in order to improve posture and balance
and to eliminate stress-inducing habits.
A form of thalassotherapy where thin layers of heated seaweed
are applied to the skin; infra-red lamps are also used in
the treatment to maintain the heat of the prepared seaweed.
Treatment reduces pain and functions as an anti-inflammatory.
Exercise regimen that doesnĺt support blood circulation or
delivery of oxygen to the muscular system, such as weight
lifting and/or body building.
Product or treatment that combats or defends against the
Study of muscles, especially the mechanics of human motion.
Aerobic exercises performed in a pool using the support and
resistance of the water to burn fat, strengthen bones, and
increase cardiovascular health and endurance. The buoyancy
of the water greatly reduces the chance of injuring joints
Ancient therapeutic practice of utilizing essential oils from
plants, leaves, bark, roots, seeds, resins, and flowers.
Various yoga postures or poses. The practice of these physical
poses is a fundamental stage in many branches of the yoga
Eastern Indian philosophy and practice of utilizing herbal
and other folklore adaptations, as well as meditation, to
create a balance between the internal and external self
Bach flower cures:
Use of flowers for healing.
The use of water to restore and revitalize the body. Since
antiquity, balneotherapy has been used to improve circulation,
fortify the immune system, and relieve pain and stress.
Ayurvedic herbal purification treatment.
Change in personal habits through repetition of desired behaviors.
Most spas incorporate behavior modification into their weight
Body treatment combining exfoliation, herbal treatment, and
Training program that gives a person information about
physiological processes (heart rate or blood pressure) with
the goal of gaining conscious control over them.
Pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the body's arteries.
Normal blood pressure is usually 120/80.
Any exercise program that focuses on overall conditioning
of the body. A body-conditioning routine might combine exercises
for strength and flexibility and use both strength-training
equipment and floor exercises.
A full-body scrub with mild abrasives and warm oil that stimulates
circulation and gently removes dead skin cells.
Body scrubs/skin care which include brush and tone, dulse
scrub, loofah scrub, parafin treatment, repaichage and vichy
Fitness program using weight, flexibility, and endurance training;
but not running or jumping, to shape hips, thighs, upper arms,
and buttocks without creating bulk.
Strips of cloth soaked in herbal teas and cocooned around
the body. Also call herbal wrap.
Plant part or extract used in hair or skin products.
A medical protein called Botulinum A Toxin is injected into
the targeted area to temporarily paralyze the facial muscles
that cause the wrinkling, thereby creating a softer, more
Brush and tone:
Exfoliating treatment involving the dry brushing of skin to
remove dead cells and stimulate circulation, and then applying
hydrating oils or moisturizing agents to soften the skin.
The dry brushing technique may also be used as a preparatory
step for other treatments such as a seaweed wrap or fango/parafango.
Combination of acrobatics, dance, boxing, and martial arts
invented by Brazilian slaves. Widely played in South America
and gaining popularity in the United States.
Electric stimulation of skin, in low voltage doses, believed
to stimulate circulation and remove impurities.
Deposits of lumpy fat and fibrous tissue that cause dimpling
of the skin in the thighs, hips, and buttocks of some women.
Celtic Roman Bath:
Sequence of hot and cold baths, showers, and pools combined
with heat and steam rooms.
Ayurvedic term for energy "center." It is believed
that there are seven chakras, which are all interconnected
and which must be balanced.
Uses a chemical solution to improve and smooth the texture
of facial skin by removing damaged outer layers and is helpful
for those with facial blemishes, wrinkles and uneven skin
The realignment of the spine through active manipulation primarily
to relieve back and neck problems.
Exercise plan utilizing six to ten exercises that are completed
one after another on weight-resistance equipment to increase
mobility, strength, and stamina. Each exercise is performed
for a certain number of repetitions.
City hotel or urban spas:
Located in metropolitan hotels, some of these spas are open
only to hotel guests, while others are accessible to the general
The main organic constituent in animal connective tissue,
produced in gelatin form by boiling. An important ingredient
in many natural cosmetics.
A facial skin technique that uses freeze-dried collagen to
smooth out fine lines.
Irrigation of the colon for the purpose of cleansing trapped
debris, which is believed to recycle toxins back into the
Color therapy / chromatherapy:
Use of color to balance mental and spiritual health through
the use of colored rooms, light bulbs, fabrics, etc. The technique
dates back to ancient Egypt.
Non-traditional forms of medical therapies used to treat a
variety of illnesses/deficiencies; these include vitamins,
herbs, aromatherapy, meditation, massage, etc.
Cosmeceuticals or cosmaceuticals:
Topical cosmetic-pharmaceutical combinations intended to improve
the health and appearance of skin.
Treatment that focuses on the connection between the skull
and the base of the spine along the spinal column. The therapist's
palpitations in those areas are said to release blockages
in the circulation of the cerebral-spinal fluid and allow
it to flow more freely.
Healing energy believed to be generated by quartz and other
minerals. Crystals are known to have electromagnetic energy,
as does the human body. When a natural quartz crystal is brought
into contact with a person's etheric body, the electromagnetic
attraction is capable of drawing imbalanced energy out of
the human body.
Aerobic workout to upbeat music using steps and patterns derived
from modern dance help improve range of motion, endurance,
aerobic capacity, flexibility, and strength.
Establishment that provides beautifying, relaxing, or pampering
experiences that can last an hour or may take a whole day.
Can be freestanding or connected to health clubs, hotels,
or department stores.
Dead sea mud treatment:
Application of mineral-rich mud from the Dead Sea in Israel.
Used to detoxify skin and body and to ease painful symptoms
of rheumatism and arthritis.
A surgical procedure in which the physician attempts to make
scars less noticeable by sanding them using a small hand-held
Establishments that focus exclusively on lifestyle improvement,
health enhancement, and self-renewal in the company of like-minded
Cleansing the body of poisons or toxins that may have accumulated
through addictive habits
According to Ayurvedic medicine, the three metabolic types
(vata, pitta, and Kapha). Most people are a combination of
types, though are predominately one.
Rhythms and sounds, used by spas to promote emotional and
spiritual release. Drums may come from African, Middle Eastern,
Native American, and South American musical traditions.
Procedure using a natural-bristle brush to remove dead skin
and impurities while stimulating circulation. This is one
of many exfoliating techniques used prior to mud and seaweed
Exfoliating body treatment that utilizes dulse seaweed powder,
which has been rehydrated with either water or an essential
oil. This treatment removes impurities and dead skin cells
and re-mineralizes the skin.
Synchronous massage treatment done by two therapists; done
properly, the sense of touch doesn't discern that four hands
are performing the treatment.
Ecologically responsible travel that promotes the conservation
of nature and sustains the wellbeing of local people.
Massage technique involving quick, long strokes used at the
beginning and end of certain treatments.
The removal of excess hair by passing an electric curent through
French massage therapy that reduces the appearance of cellulite.
Aromatic liquids extracted from flowers, grasses, fruits,
leaves, roots, or trees. The oils maintain the odors and tastes,
and thus the essence, of the plant they are extracted from.
Generic term for any steroid hormones secreted chiefly by
the ovaries and placenta. Promotes the development of the
female secondary sex characteristics and affects female reproductive
European acne facial:
A facial skin treatment that employs deep-cleansing, exfoliating,
and steam treatments along with a massage of the face, shoulders,
and chest, followed by a hydrating spa facial masque.
Buildings or rooms containing equipment for physical activity
to sustain or improve health.
The process of removal and sloughing of dead skin cells. This
process also aids in improving circulation through stimulating
blood flow. The pressure used to generate the process further
aids in relaxation and stress reduction.
Eyebrow shaping involves removing extra hair from underneath
and above the eyebrow as needed, to give definition and provide
an attractive "frame" for the eyes.
Ancient method of hair removal developed in the Middle East
and Asia that uses a cotton thread to pull out unwanted hair
at the root.
Application of makeup or cosmetics appropriate for a specific
skin type, look, and age.
There are many types of facials. A standard facial usually
includes massaging the face, cleansing, toning, steaming,
exfoliating and moisturizing. Other types of facials, mask
and skin treatments are available at most spas. They include
a European facial (similar to a standard facial except the
products are European); a peeling mask designed to lift dead
skin and encourage new skin growth; a paraffin mask, which
helps increase circulation and rehydrate the skin; and a deep
cleansing facial which purifies and revitalizes the skin.
From the Italian word for mud, a treatment that uses mineralized
mud mixed with oil or water and applied over the body as a
heat pack to detoxify the skin, soothe the muscles, and stimulate
Chinese art of determining the most propitious design and
placement of a structure or site to achieve maximum harmony
between the flow of energy between the place and its inhabitant.
Fitness profile / assessment:
A test administered by a fitness instructor to evaluate aerobic
capacity, flexibility, and strength, as well as resting heart
rate, resting blood pressure, and body composition.
A little larger than a twin-size bed, filled with 10 to 12
inches of water, this enclosed tank, containing warm water
and Epsom salts, allows you to float comfortably in a totally
dark, silent environment. This can be a serene, deeply relaxing
experience for some, but claustrophobic for others. It creates
a sensation that has been likened to returning to the womb.
Preparation and serving of delicious, healthy, low-fat food.
Foods that have been fortified with herbs, vitamins, minerals,
or other supplements.
A skin treatment that uses alpha-hydroxyl peeling through
various fruit acids to reduce age spots and age lines; control
acne; improve complexion; and revitalize skin.
A facial skin treatment that uses a chemical to break down
the cellular bond holding dry skin to the client's face. This
spa technique results in rapid exfoliation of the face.
Golden needles and / or golden spoons:
Anti-wrinkle facial programs to stimulate muscles and help
the absorption of creams and lotions.
Body treatment that cleanses and rehydrates utilizing various
creams applied in long massage-like strokes.
Concerned with or promoting environmentalism by recycling,
making bidogradable products, or limiting pollution.
Tea whose leaves come from the same shrub as black tree but
are heated before oxidation (called fermentation) is complete.
It may reduce risk of cancer and help prevent cardiovascular
Traditonal Japanese form of poetry consisting of three lines,
which have 5, 7, and 5 syllables respectively.
Synthetic fibers or real human hair that is woven (sewn) or
braided into existing hair to increase length, volume, or
Hand and foot treatment:
Branch of yoga that is devoted to the physical processes (as
opposed to others that focus on wisdom, meditation, service,
etc.) and involves breathing and physical exercises. There
are many types of physical yoga.
Treatment using steamed organic alpine hay to detoxify the
Dye from a natural plant substance used especially in Middle
East in many cultures to decorate skin as part of ceremonial
rituals. It is used also to color hair in West.
see herbal wrap
Body is wrapped in herb soaked, hot linen sheets and then
covered in blankets. Cool compress is applied to the forehead.
Treatment using strips of cloth soaked in a heated herbal
solution to wrap around the body. It is used for relaxation
and said to eliminate impurities and detoxify.
System of heath care that looks at the entire person, taking
into account physical, nutritional, environmental, emotional,
social, spiritual and lifestyle values, and avails itself
all modes of diagnosis and treatment including drugs and surgery
in the absence of a safe alternative. The patient is urged
to make personal efforts to achieve balance and well-being.
Form of medicine based on the principle that "like cures
like" To stimulate the body to heal itself, it treats
patients with minute quantities of natural substances that
cause symptoms much like those of the disease they are meant
Hormone replacement therapy:
Medication containing one or more female hormones (usually
estogen) used to treat women experiencing symptoms of menopause
or amenorrheoa or women who have had partial or full hysterectomy.
Medical opinion about the risks of this kind of therapy is
Natural, sometimes volcanic, spring of hot mineral water.
Hot stone therapy:
Relaxing, therapeutic treatment in which dark, smooth
stones heated in hot water or hot spring pools are placed
or stroked with light pressure on areas of the body such as
the back, in the palms, and between the toes. Cold stones
may also be used.
Hot stone manicure & pedicure:
Hot stone massage:
Employs hot and cool smooth stones of various sizes. Each
stone is placed on a specific area of the body to relieve
A soaking pool made of wood or other materials.
This facial skin treatment uses a mixture of paraffin and
essential oils in a masque to rehydrate the skin.
Underwater massage in a hydro bath equipped with high pressure
jets and hand-manipulated hose to stimulate the blood and
Another term for balneotherapy, or any treatments utilizing
water as the primary facilitator. Type of water is generally
fresh/spring, as opposed to seawater (thalassotherapy). Treatment
using water therapeutically to aid relaxation in a variety
of procedures such as underwater jet massage, different types
of showers, and mineral baths. Thalassotherapy, using seawater
for hydrotherapy, has long been a staple in European spas.
Cosmetic products alleged by manufacturer to create fewer
allergic reactions among those who are sensitive. However,
no federal standards govern the use of this term.
Infrared spa treatment:
A spa heat treatment used to relax the client's muscles and
Treatments involving the inhalation of steam vapor, which
may have been treated with medicine or natural herbal/mineral
substances; used for respiratory, pulmonary or sinus-related
A form of thalassotherapy where seawater has been ionized
with negative ions, sprayed and inhaled; aids the upper respiratory
International Spa Association, a professional organization
representing all aspects of the spa industry: club spas, cruise
ship spas, day spas, destination spas, resort/hotel spas,
medical spas, and mineral springs spas.
Japanese enzyme bath:
Relaxing and detoxifying treatment in a wooden tub filled
with fragrant blends of cedar fibres and Japanese plant enzymes.
Energizing technique to stimulate the accupressure points
on the face and scalp.
Jinn shin do & Jinn shin jyutsu:
Forms of energy-balancing massage.
Short-term diet regimen consisting of only fresh fruit or
vegetable juices. Advocates claim it detoxifies the body.
Boxing techniques, basic kicks, and martial arts moves (all
self-defense tactics) that give the upper and lower body an
intense cardiovascular, aerobic, and body-toning workout.
Also referred to as physiotherapy, this treatment involves
the active or passive movement of various parts of the body,
aiding in circulation and strengthening of the body.
Sensitivity to the moment of your body through space that
contributes to your ability to balance and move rhythmically
and fluidly. It is sometimes developed as a self-awareness
technique for spiritual growth.
Water therapies originated by Germany's Father Sebastian Kniepp,
a holistic teacher and proponent of natural remedies. Originally
involving dips in the icy Danube, nowadays the therapy involves
immersion both in warm and cold water.
Kneipp Kur System:
Developed by Father Sebastian Kneipp. Herbal/mineral baths
used as part of a regimented therapy of healing; used in combination
with nutritional and exercise disciplines. Hot and cold therapy
is a key component of this form of therapy (water, stones,
From the Hebrew meaning "fit" or "proper,"
food that meets the criteria of Jewish law regarding the ingredients
and the equipment used to produce it. One of the basic laws
prohibits combining meat and milk.
Based on German natural remedy, this is a strong, aromatic
herbal bath solution.
From the German "kur," a planned course of spa treatments
that typically involve mineral water, mud baths, algae, and
herbs. "Taking the kur" might be a ten- to twenty-day
process every three months.
Following a man-made, spiral pattern path (traced on the ground,
as in many cathedrals, or constructed in garden) to meditate,
focus, and calm the mind. Not a maze, the path follows a number
of circuits to the center of a circle and back out.
Laser hair removal:
A simple cooling tip comes in contact with the surface of
the skin before delivering a high speed of light.
Laying on of hands:
Among the most direct approaches to healing. A "body
therapy" for removing energy blockages, balancing, and
improving one's healing journey through life.
The use of light as a treatment for everything from physical
disease to psychological disorders.
A cosmetic surgical procedure that sucks excess fatty tissue
out of various areas of the body.
Light and music under and above water for relaxation and visualization.
Hawaiian rhythmical, rocking massage.
Loofah body scrub:
Dried plant used as a friction massage to exfoliate the body.
The substance that makes tomatoes red, it is also a powerful
antioxidant that may help prevent diseases of aging such as
some forms of cancer and heart disease.
Lymphatic drainage massage:
Therapeutic massage using a gentle pumping technique to reduce
pockets of water retention. Lymph drainage can be achieved
through manual, hydro or aromatherapy massage.
Involves learning the application of make-up appropriate for
a specific skin type, look, and age.
This usually involves learning to apply make-up appropriate
for your skin type, look, and age.
A cosmetic treatment of the fingernails, including shaping
Manipulation of tissues, usually manually, to improve health
and well-being by relaxing muscles, relieving tension, and
Different massage therapies have evolved throughout the world
over many centuries for stress, muscle, and tissue relaxation,
as well as manipulation of skin, muscle, and joints.
Destination or day spa that offers traditional and complementary
medical services supervised or administered by medical professionals.
A spa may specialize in diagnostic testing, preventive care,
cosmetic procedures, or a combination.
Any facility, usually a day spa, that offers both medical
treatments and spa therapies.
Practice of using mental skills to perform such feats as focusing
attention on a single object for a long period of time; cultivating
compassion, which involves the transforming of negative events;
and creating a state of pure awareness of thoughts, emotions,
and sensations without reacting. Meditation is said to increase
emotional well-being and is being studied for alleged benefits
to physical health.
Rate at which a body burns up fuel and transforms it into
Facial exfoliation procedure in which skin is "sandblasted"
with ultra-fine crystals of aluminum oxide or other ingredients
to remove top layer of skin.
Specialized form of massage with essential oils that targets
the digestive areas.
Natural peat, rich in organic matter, used to ease pains and
A hot mask of thermal mud applied to certain parts of the
body for treating and preventing arthritis and its symptoms.
At a lower rate it can also be used for certain skin problems.
Applying a gel or acrylic extensions to fingernails.
Discipline of natural medicine.
Non-impact aerobics (not as rigorous as traditional aerobic
The review of an individual's eating habits and dietary needs
by a qualified practitioner.
Ayurvedic adapted treatment using friction massage of blended
essential oils (similar to an aromatherapy massage).
Japanese natural mineral thermal spring.
Pursuits, such as swimming, hiking, biking, jogging, etc.
aimed at decreasing body fat and improving cardiovascular
fitness and strength.
Rooms at destination, resort and hotel spas.
Oxygen and other nutrients applied to the face to stimulate
and reinforce the collagen level of the skin.
Ayurvedic cleansing and purification treatment using essential
oils, massage and meditation.
Combination of fango mud and paraffin wax to detoxify, heat
Nail care and treatment of the feet. Includes soaking feet
in warm soapy water and removing dry skin with a pumice stone
or a special razor. Also includes a foot and leg massage and
concludes with polishing of nails, if desired.
The removal of superficial layers of skin on the face, usually
to remove scars, etc.
The application of makeup intended to last or function indefinitely
A certified professional for safe and effective exercise programs
aimed at fat loss, toning, flexibility, cardiovascular conditioning,
or any other fitness goal.
Therapeutic use of heat, light, electrical and mechanical
means and movements to regenerate strength and flexibility.
Healing treatment through plants, herbs, aromatic essential
oils and seaweed applied through massage, wraps, steam therapies,
inhalation and herbal teas.
Strength training movements involving coordinated breathing
techniques developed in Germany by Dr. Joseph Pilates during
Process of reconstructing or repairing parts of the body by
the transfer of tissue to treat injuries or for cosmetic purposes.
Also known as Roman pools. Deep pools, one filled with hot
and one with cold water. Alternating "plunging"
into each will improve and revitalize circulation.
Technique of gently rocking, holding and massaging the body,
designed to balance the subtle or electromagnetic energy through
touch, stretching exercises, diet and mental-emotional balanced
A small body of still water for swimmimg, wading, etc.
A spa treatment using pressure cuffs that improves circulation
of blood in the feet.
Pressure Point Therapy:
An inert gas used in many European Spas as part of a treatment
process to stimulate organ functions.
Ancient Egyptian, Chinese and Indian technique using finger-point
pressure on the reflex zones of the feet and hands to restore
the flow of energy through the body.
A technique of channeling energy consisting of salt, essential
oils and water followed by a shower with body lotion to complete
Massage and skin treatment that can be applied just to the
face or to the entire body. This treatment uses a combination
of herbal, seaweed and clay or mud masques to deep clean and
Massage technique requiring specific certification, which
involves extremely deep tissue massaging and often-painful
manipulation of injured areas. The massage is sought by those
who require intensified treatment.
A hydrating and exfoliating treatment where small amounts
of oil and coarse salt are applied to dampened skin in circular
or elongated strokes. Also aids in circulation.
The body is rubbed with a vigorous, abrasive scrub consisting
of coarse salt usually mixed with essential oils and water.
Cleanses pores and removes dead skin. It is usually followed
by a gentle shower and body moisturizer.
A Finnish treatment of dry heat, in a wooden structure; the
heat forces sweating and the elimination of toxins; open pores.
A cold shower usually follows to close the opened pores and
to stop the sweating process.
Scotch hose-jet blitz:
Standing body massage delivered by a therapist with a high
pressure hose of alternating warm and cold water to stimulate
circulation and relieve tension.
Envelopment of seaweed on the body, wrapped in a heated blanket
to demineralise, revitalize, and rebalance the body.
Japanese finger pressure technique working the energy meridians
to stimulate the body's inner powers of balance and healing.
Ayurvedic treatment of warm oil slowly pouring over the third
eye in the center of the forehead to induce deep relaxation.
Ayurvedic massage treatment where a pouch of blended herbs
is dipped in essential oils and massaged over the body.
Siliceous thermal bath:
Treatment using silica.
Slenisuim body wrap:
Detoxifying body envelopment treatment using natural oils.
Stationary bicycle exercise regime guided with an instructor;
often combines a video-projected image to give one the impression
that they are cycling on a terrain of some sort.
Technique of using quick and vigorous strokes, such as deep
tissue, on localized body parts where a specific activity
may have caused exertion and muscle tightness.
Area of wet, hot steam; promotes sweating, opening pores and
ridding of toxins.
See Steam Room
Fitness regimen of aerobic exercise in combination with a
step platform three or more inches high.
A program of meditation and deep relaxation intended to reduce
the ill effects of stress on the system. Most spas offer a
variety of tension-relieving techniques that fall under the
category of stress management (yoga, meditation, guided relaxation
and visualization, stretching and breathing exercises, positive
thinking, and nutritional counseling).
Ancient practice of hair removal using sugar.
Traditional Massage technique created in 1812 at the University
of Stockholm using five different movements of massage.
Chinese martial arts discipline employing deliberate/relaxed
breathing and mental focus, in combination with slow sustained
Year-round tan employing self-tanning treatments or a sunbed.
Thai herbal heat treatment:
A traditional herbal massage using Pai root, tamarind leaves
and essential oils to relax tired muscles.
Therapeutic use of seaweed and marine byproducts that are
rich in minerals and vitamins to restore the balance of the
Heat treatment involving the use of various forms of heat
for therapeutic purposes.
Ancient Arabic manual technique for hair removal. Involves
the use of a long, twisted loop of thread rotated rapidly
across the skin that traps hair within the tight entwined
coils, and pulls or breaks it off.
Gentle rhythmic shaking and rocking of the body to release
tension from joints.
A therapy using sound waves emitted from a frequency-generating
device. The device may also have the capability of utilizing
heat as part of the therapy. Often employed by physical therapists
to alleviate pain and discomfort to injured areas of the body.
Pulsed light is used to remove leg veins, spider veins and
other benign vascular lesions.
Vichy shower (Therapy):
Invigorating shower treatment from several water jets of varying
temperatures and pressures applied while lying on a waterproof
cushioned mat. This treatment is often followed by exfoliating
treatments such as dulse scrub, loofah or salt glow.
Form of light hypnosis used to create a soothing environment
Method of rhythmic movement, pressure point massage, and stretching
the body, working with a therapist, in warm water that leads
to a state of deep relaxation.
Hot wax is applied to the skin, and a strip of cloth or paper
is pressed into the preparation. The strip is then quickly
pulled away, taking hairs with it.
Eastern discipline using various positions/postures (asansa),
controlled breathing, focused/centered concentration in combination
with various physical movements designed to improve circulation,
flexibility, and strength. Also a philosophical approach to
balancing oneĺs internal and external self.
A Japanese accupressure art intended to ease tension and balance