Velingrad is the most beautiful
and most famous among the Bulgarian Balneological resorts.
Internationally known climate therapy and health resort. It
is situated in the valley of the Sandanska Bistritsa river,
at the foot of the south-western stopes of Pirin. Without
exaggeration the climate of Sandanski can be described as
unique. It lies at the western end of Chepino Valley, one
of the most attractive part of the Rhodopean Mountains in
Southern Bulgaria. There are 70 sources of mineral water with
curative and preventive properties.
The mineral waters (from springs
and wells) vary considerably in temperature, mineralization,
radon, silicic acid and fluorine content, and are suitable
for treatment of a wide range of diseases. 9000 litres of
water per minute spring from the five thermal and mineral
deposits in Ladjene, Kamenitza, Chepino, Rakitovo and Kostadinovo.
Velingrad is situated at 750-850
m above sea level. Summer is warm, winter is mild.Throughout
the year, air temperatures are higher than anywhere else in
the country. The average annual temperature (14.7C) is the
highest in Bulgaria. The winter is mild and short, and the
autumn - long and warm. The relative air humidity is low (66
per cent), and the annual duration of sunshine is no less
than 2,436 hours. Sandanski has the lowest annual rainfall
in Bulgaria (127 litres per square metre) and almost no foggy
days. The air is remarkably clean and pollution free. The
average annual temperature is 10C; and the average July temperature
is 19C. The relative air humidity ranges from 65 to 75 percent.Surrounded
by age-old pine tree woods, the town favors abundant sunshine.
This exclusively rare and valuable combination has a beneficial
influence on the process of ionization (negative ions are
prevailing) and are of definite therapeutic importance. In
the resort successfully are treated pulmonary cases: pulmonary
emphysema, chronic bronchitis, post bronchial pneumonia, etc.
The treatment of non-specific
diseases of the respiratory tract is particularly successful.
Considerable experience has been accumulated in the efficient
treatment of diseases of the locomotive system, nervous diseases
and gynecological disorders. Together with the numerous mineral
waters Velingrad takes pride in another natural phenomenon
as well - the Kleptuza. This is the biggest Karst spring in
Bulgaria with debit of 1200 litres of ice-cold water per second.
Apart from its natural beauty,
lush vegetation and remarkably wholesome climate, the resort
also features a multitude of mineral springs. The wells and
natural springs situated in two thermal zones have a total
flow of 1,500 l/min. The mineral waters have a nearly uniform
chemical composition but contain varying quantities of metasilicic
acid and fluorine. The waters are clear , colourless, odourless
with a pleasant taste: silicic (containing 71 to 135 mg of
metasilicic acid per litre), slightly fluoric (3.2 to 6.5
mg of fluorine per litre), hyperthermal (42 to 81C), slightly
mineralized, containing sodium hydrocarbonates and sulphates,
with a pH value ranging from neutral to mildly alkaline (pH
7.2 to 8). This remarkable combination of balmy, health-giving
weather and curative mineral waters makes Sandanski the perfect
place for modern science-based climatotherapy, spa treatment,
rehabilitation, primary and secondary prophylactics and recreation.
Specialized in the treathment of upper respiratory tract and
lung deseases of non-tubercolosis type and of inflammation
degenerative diseases of the joints.